Commercial Farmers' Union of Zimbabwe

Commercial Farmers' Union of Zimbabwe

***The views expressed in the articles published on this website DO NOT necessarily express the views of the Commercial Farmers' Union.***

Sen. Inhofe Introduces Bill to Repeal Zimbabwe Democracy, Economic Recovery Act of 2001

Sen. Inhofe Introduces Bill to Repeal Zimbabwe Democracy, Economic Recovery Act of 2001

S.1646 — Zimbabwe Sanctions Repeal Act of 2011 (Introduced in Senate – IS)

S 1646 IS


1st Session

S. 1646

To repeal the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001.


October 4, 2011

Mr. INHOFE introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred 
to the Committee on Foreign Relations


To repeal the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled,


This Act may be cited as the `Zimbabwe Sanctions Repeal Act of 2011′.


Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe and leader of the Zimbabwe 
African National Union-Patriotic Front, has ruled Zimbabwe for 31 years.

(2) During President Mugabe’s regime, Zimbabwe has gone from being 
the `bread basket’ of Africa to the world’s fastest shrinking economy.

(3) In 2000, the Government of Zimbabwe initiated a farmland 
redistribution program, designed to reallocate foreign commercial farmland 
to poor and middle-class citizens of Zimbabwe.

(4) The farmland redistribution program–

(A) led to the confiscation of industrial, fertile, and 
previously settled lands, and mass chaos;

(B) undermined the Constitution of Zimbabwe; and

(C) caused more than 400,000 farmers to lose their homes and 

(5) In 2005, President Mugabe implemented a project known as 
Operation Murambatsvina, translated into English as Operation `Clean Out the 

(6) Under Operation Clean Out the Filth, the Mugabe regime bulldozed 
and destroyed thousands of homes and businesses, leading to an estimated 
700,000 internally displaced persons, of whom 569,685 are still displaced.

(7) The majority of the people of Zimbabwe live on less than $1 per 

(8) The 95 percent unemployment rate in Zimbabwe has forced an 
estimated 3,000,000 of the people of Zimbabwe, representing 25 percent of 
the overall population, to migrate to neighboring countries.

(9) All of these actions by President Mugabe’s regime have caused 
significant and persistent economic hardships in Zimbabwe.

(10) On March 29, 2008, a presidential election was held between 
President Mugabe and Morgan Tsvangirai, the leader of the opposition party, 
the Movement for Democratic Change.

(11) Of the votes cast in the presidential election–

(A) Tsvangirai received 47.9 percent;

(B) President Mugabe received 43.2 percent; and

(C) Simba Mankoni, of the Mavambo Kusile Dawn Party, received 
8.3 percent.

(12) Because Tsvangirai failed to achieve 50 percent of the votes 
needed to win outright, a run-off was scheduled for June 27, 2008.

(13) President Mugabe–

(A) declared that he would not relinquish power regardless of 
the election outcome;

(B) directed a crackdown on opposition parties; and

(C) stated, `Only God, who appointed me, will remove me.’.

(14) As many as 400 members and supporters of the Movement for 
Democratic Change were killed during the run-off campaign period.

(15) Tsvangirai dropped out of the run-off race, and took refuge in 
the Embassy of the Netherlands, stating that he could not ask people to vote 
`when that vote could cost them their lives’.

(16) The violence surrounding this unfair election came to the 
world’s attention and specifically to that of the Southern African 
Development Community, compromised of 15 southern African countries, and the 
United States.

(17) Pressure from the Southern African Development Community and 
the United States led to the creation of a power-sharing agreement between 
Mugabe’s Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front and Tsvangirai and 
Mutambara’s respective wings of the Movement for Democratic Change Party. 
This agreement, which is known as the Global Political Agreement, became 
effective on September 15, 2008.

(18) The Parliament of Zimbabwe amended the Constitution of Zimbabwe 
to allow for the creation of the power-sharing government.

(19) While Mugabe retained the office of President, Tsvangirai was 
sworn in as the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe on February 11, 2009, and Tendai 
Biti was appointed Minister of Finance by Prime Minister Tsvangirai.

(20) Since the appointment of Biti as Minister of Finance, the 
economy of Zimbabwe has seen remarkable recovery in a short period of time. 
Minister Biti dollarized the Zimbabwean economy to combat inflation. By 
using stable foreign currencies, the 2008 annual inflation rate of 
15,000,000,000 percent was reduced to the current 2011 rate of 2.5 percent.

(21) During Biti’s tenure as Minister of Finance, the real gross 
domestic product (GDP) of Zimbabwe has also improved. In 2008, the real GDP 
in Zimbabwe was contracting at a rate of negative 14.4 percent. Current 
projections estimate that the real GDP in Zimbabwe will increase by 9.3 
percent during 2011.

(22) The salaries of government employees have also been reissued, 
allowing those employed in basic government services like medicine, 
education, and transportation to return to work.

(23) The overall economy and well-being of the citizens of Zimbabwe 
have made tremendous advances since Tsvangirai and the Movement for 
Democratic Change gained power-sharing authority in the Government of 

(24) The Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001 
(Public Law 107-99; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note), which was enacted into law in 
2001, imposed sanctions on the Mugabe regime and members of the Zimbabwe 
African National Union-Patriotic Front.

(25) Section 4(c) of the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery 
Act of 2001 specifically directs the United States Executive Director to 
each international financial institution to oppose and vote against–

(A) any extension by the institution of any loan, credit, or 
guarantee to the Government of Zimbabwe; or

(B) any cancellation or reduction of indebtedness owed by the 
Government of Zimbabwe to the United States or any international financial 

(26) Repealing the sanctions imposed under the Zimbabwe Democracy 
and Economic Recovery Act of 2001 that burden the power-sharing government 
in Zimbabwe is necessary–

(A) to fully restore the economy of Zimbabwe; and

(B) to assist Zimbabwe in transitioning to democracy.


The Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001 (Public Law 
107-99; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is repealed.


New Posts: